The study independently analyzed thousands of products from 120 women’s clothing brands, seen below, that manufacture all or some of their clothing in the USA to understand what types of clothing are made in the USA and what countries are plugging the manufacturing gaps.
44% of brands in the study exclusively manufacture in the USA with the remainder also manufacturing overseas.
India and Peru emerged to be strong manufacturing partners of cotton-based clothing, with 15% of brands that manufacture overseas relying almost exclusively on these countries for cotton-based clothing outside of the USA.
Mexico and Turkey also showed to be strong partner countries specifically in the manufacturing of cotton-based denim jeans. 20% of the brands in the study manufacturing overseas relied exclusively on the two countries to supplement their Made-in-USA denim clothing. Citizens of Humanity, pictured, is one such brand that manufactures in the USA and also in India and Turkey.
China was, predictably, the main manufacturing partner in the study. Over 70% of brands that manufacture overseas and in the USA turn to the country, but not for cotton clothing it was found.
China was relied on for knitwear expertise the most, with 20% of those brands limiting their reliance on China solely for knitwear manufacturing.
Almost three-quarters of the brands that exclusively manufacture in the USA were based in California. New York-based brands made up just 20% of the pool that manufacture exclusively in the USA. Luxury brands were also less likely to be made exclusively in the USA.
43% of brands that exclusively manufacture in the USA made basic cotton clothing and denim. Clothing made from natural fiber blends including viscose, modal, and silk was more likely to be made in the USA.
The report highlights that brands with some clothing manufacturing presence in the USA are sensitive to their choice of manufacturing partner countries. However, for brands to diversify their supply chain for more complex clothing manufacturing like knitwear, options are lacking.
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